Ibn Ziyad was supported by the lord of Ceuta Julian (Ilyan in Arabic) and may have been helped cross the straits of Gibraltar. Although many have versions of the story, ibn Ziyad may have landed in Cartagena where he made it as headquarters while other chroniclers point it to Cadiz.
What would the world be like if the Muslims overran Europe in the 8th century? This is an alternate history of Al-Andalus and how the Reconquista never occured.
Without the crucifixion and you have erased the central moment of the Christian religion. When you say Christianity, you always tie it to the cross where Jesus died, right? It would have been blasphemous to think that Jesus did not die on the cross if Pontius Pilate, the Roman procurator of Jerusalem, spared Jesus’ agonizing route to Calvary. What sort of life Jesus might have? Obviously, he may probably reach old age and die a natural death. Another important question that one may ask, how would the “Christian” faith developed if Jesus had not died on the cross? Will Jesus’ teaching changed because of the absence of such persecution? Will the Roman Empire survive until this day if they used this new faith as their state religion? These possibilities are difficult to contemplate since thinking about the “what ifs” is already controversial enough to be openly discussed about.